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The legal framework for combating cyber threats in Belarus

As the digital landscape continues to evolve, cyber threats pose significant risks to individuals, businesses, and the overall security of nations. In Belarus, a robust legal framework is essential to combat cyber threats effectively and safeguard critical infrastructure, sensitive information, and the digital ecosystem. This article explores the legal framework for combating cyber threats in Belarus, discussing the key laws, regulations, and initiatives that aim to protect against cybercrime, promote cybersecurity, and ensure a safe digital environment.

  1. The Law on Information, Informatization, and Information Protection:

The Law on Information, Informatization, and Information Protection serves as the primary legal instrument for managing information security and combating cyber threats in Belarus. This law sets the framework for protecting information systems, networks, and data from unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration, or destruction. It outlines the responsibilities of organizations in implementing cybersecurity measures, reporting incidents, and cooperating with law enforcement agencies.

  1. The Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus:

The Criminal Code of Belarus contains provisions that criminalize various cyber offenses, including unauthorized access to computer systems, data theft, computer fraud, and the distribution of malicious software. These laws provide a legal basis for prosecuting individuals involved in cybercrime and serve as a deterrent against cybercriminal activities. The penalties for cyber offenses vary depending on the severity of the crime and can include fines, imprisonment, or both.

  1. The Law on Electronic Document and Electronic Digital Signature:

The Law on Electronic Document and Electronic Digital Signature establishes legal mechanisms for the secure use of electronic documents and digital signatures in Belarus. This law promotes the authenticity, integrity, and legal recognition of electronic transactions, ensuring the protection of sensitive information during electronic exchanges. It sets guidelines for the use of digital signatures, certification authorities, and the verification of electronic documents, fostering trust and reliability in electronic communications.

  1. The Data Protection Act:

The Data Protection Act in Belarus focuses on safeguarding individuals’ rights and personal data privacy. It establishes principles for the collection, processing, storage, and transfer of personal data, ensuring compliance with internationally recognized data protection standards. The act outlines the obligations of data controllers and processors, establishes the rights of data subjects, and defines procedures for reporting data breaches. By protecting personal data, this law contributes to overall cybersecurity and helps mitigate the risks associated with data breaches and identity theft.

  1. The National Cybersecurity Strategy:

Belarus has developed a National Cybersecurity Strategy that sets strategic objectives and priorities for combating cyber threats and protecting critical information infrastructure. The strategy aims to enhance the country’s cyber resilience, develop cybersecurity capabilities, and promote international cooperation in cybersecurity. It outlines measures to strengthen incident response, raise cybersecurity awareness, foster public-private partnerships, and develop the cybersecurity workforce.

  1. The Ministry of Communications and Informatization:

The Ministry of Communications and Informatization in Belarus plays a crucial role in the legal framework for combating cyber threats. It oversees the implementation of cybersecurity measures, coordinates information security initiatives, and collaborates with other government agencies, industry stakeholders, and international partners to ensure effective cybersecurity governance. The ministry also facilitates the exchange of information, best practices, and technical expertise to enhance Belarus’s cybersecurity capabilities.

  1. International Cooperation and Cybersecurity Initiatives:

Belarus actively participates in international cybersecurity initiatives and collaborates with other nations to address global cyber threats. It engages in information sharing, joint exercises, and capacity-building programs to enhance cybersecurity resilience. Belarus’s cooperation with international organizations, such as the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), strengthens the country’s cybersecurity posture and contributes to global efforts in combating cyber threats.


The legal framework for combating cyber threats in Belarus provides a solid foundation for addressing cybersecurity challenges and protecting the nation’s digital ecosystem.

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