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How the COVID-19 pandemic has affected cybersecurity in Ireland

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on many aspects of life in Ireland, including the country’s cybersecurity landscape. As businesses and individuals have had to rapidly adapt to remote work and online interactions, cybercriminals have taken advantage of new vulnerabilities and opportunities to launch attacks. This article will explore how the pandemic has affected cybersecurity in Ireland and what steps businesses and individuals can take to protect themselves.

Increased Cyber Threats

The pandemic has led to an increase in cyber threats across the world, and Ireland is no exception. In the first half of 2020, there was a 56% increase in reported cyber incidents in Ireland compared to the same period in 2019, according to a report by the Irish Reporting and Information Security Service (IRISSCERT). The report cited phishing attacks as the most common type of incident, followed by malware and ransomware.

The increase in remote work and online activity has created new opportunities for cybercriminals to exploit vulnerabilities in home networks and personal devices. Cybercriminals have been quick to adapt to the changing circumstances and have launched COVID-19-themed attacks, such as phishing emails that claim to contain information about the virus or offer fake cures or vaccines.

Cybersecurity Challenges for Businesses

The pandemic has presented significant challenges for businesses in terms of cybersecurity. Many companies have had to quickly implement remote work policies and provide employees with access to company systems and data from home. This has created new vulnerabilities, such as unsecured home networks and personal devices that are not managed by the company’s IT team.

Additionally, the economic impact of the pandemic has led to budget cuts and resource constraints, making it difficult for companies to invest in cybersecurity measures. This has left many businesses with inadequate security measures, which can be exploited by cybercriminals.

Steps to Protect Against Cyber Threats

Despite the challenges, there are steps that businesses and individuals can take to protect themselves against cyber threats during the pandemic. Some of these include:

  1. Educate Employees: Businesses should provide employees with training on how to identify and respond to cyber threats, particularly as they relate to remote work. This can include training on how to spot phishing emails and avoid clicking on suspicious links or downloading attachments.
  2. Secure Home Networks: Companies should provide guidelines on how to secure home networks, such as using strong passwords, enabling two-factor authentication, and ensuring that software and firmware are up to date.
  3. Implement Security Measures: Businesses should implement appropriate security measures, such as firewalls, anti-virus software, and data encryption. This is particularly important for companies that handle sensitive information or personal data.
  4. Stay Up to Date: Companies and individuals should stay up to date on the latest cyber threats and vulnerabilities. This can involve monitoring industry news and alerts from cybersecurity organizations, as well as implementing software updates and patches as soon as they become available.


The COVID-19 pandemic has created significant challenges for cybersecurity in Ireland. Cybercriminals have taken advantage of new vulnerabilities and opportunities to launch attacks, while businesses and individuals have had to adapt quickly to remote work and online interactions. However, by following best practices and implementing appropriate security measures, businesses and individuals can protect themselves against cyber threats during the pandemic and beyond.

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